The cultivation of the fenugreek has been known since the past as green fodder and its seeds were used in food and folk medicine, especially in India and the Nile Valley, as was used by ancient Arabs as medicinal and food plants.
The native habitat of this species is the northern islands of Africa, the entire continent of Australia, Asia, the Mediterranean and China.
India, China, Egypt, Syria, Tunisia, Morocco and Algeria. There are 23 species in Syria, and there are no statistics on cultivated areas in Syria.
The ring drink belongs to fablales and leguminosa, which consists of three species, including fabaceae and fries, one of which is the trigonella foenum greacum.
It is an herbal plant around me with yellow flowers and thin horns and has a clear beak and looks like a leaf, feathery paper composite triplet and reciprocal on the market, the flowers are very small out in the form of a cluster, small seeds sleek and light brown, the length of the plant ranges between 50 cm in the drink of fenugreek Creeping and 80 cm in a drink of the existing fenugreek .
This is due to the rapid growth when grown in cold weather and high humidity, as well as in the low humidity hot climate because it tolerates drought, thirst, high temperatures and low cold, although the drink However, the long light period and the intensity of its rays, in turn, act on the speed of vegetative growth and the early flowering and rapid ripening of ripening, because the plants may tend to the plants of the day The long and different types of fenugreek plants may be renewed
It is cultivated in all the different lands, good drainage and containing high amounts of calcium carbonate and Absorbable Phosphorus
The fenugreek is not grown in the rich or acidic soil, and it is preferred to grow it in light areas, whether light yellow or clay.
Date of Agriculture:
All types of fenugreek from winter plants, which can be grown from the beginning of October until January, provided that the seeds are identical to the type or variety of the previous crop, and the storage period of the seeds is not more than 10 years, free from pests, insects, full size, to her.
A study of the effect of dates and seed rates on the productivity of the fodder plant for the 1993/94 season found that the best seed rate after plowing and plowing, the seeds are scattered directly in mounds or ponds or within lines away from Some 15 cm, covered with scribbles followed by direct irrigation.
Seed rate kg / ha
Yield kg / ha
The fry drink from plants that need irrigation is moderate to be irrigated each month at a rate of 2-3 irrigation during the vegetative period, and again during the syphilis and fruit growth. The field capacity of the agricultural soil should not exceed 60%. As can be cultivated in the first and second stabilization zones.
The fenugreek drink needs only phosphorus and potash fertilization, but nitrogen fertilization is not necessary because the roots have the ability to stabilize atmospheric nitrogen because of the bacterial contract.
Studies indicate that the fertilization of urea increases the production rate of 0.25-1.25% and also affects the increase in the value of seed production to increase by 50% and also recommended the fertilization of the ring drink at the following rates:
48 kg / dunum of super phosphate
18 kg / dunum of potassium sulfate
12 kg of ammonium sulphate at a time when soil preparation.
Diseases and insects:
Plants of the fenugreek drink several diseases when grown in high humidity environments. The most important of these diseases: dandruff, yellowish yellow spots – diseases of rust and wilt.
These diseases can be prevented by using the fungicides necessary for each disease. It is preferable to cultivate disease-resistant varieties and to be dry and non-wet.
In addition, the fenugreek is susceptible to insects, especially cotton leaf worms and alfalfa butterflies. Specialized pesticides can be sprayed on the plant to eliminate them.
The ring drink needs to be weeded at a rate of 2-3 times during the growth period.
Harvesting the seed crop:
The seeds can be harvested when mature and become almost dry. Their color is light brown and their seeds are fully mature. Solid textures. Most branches and leaves are yellow and the base part of the plant is fully wilted or dehydrated. The plants thrive on the surface of the earth about 10 cm in the early morning. It has dew drops and most of them are still wet for fear of opening the fruit shutters and sowing seeds.
After the mowing, the plants are transferred to a dry and clean place for a period of about a week to dry completely and then study and mechanize and fill the seeds in the shawls provided they are clean and sedimentary and free of impurities, foreign matter, gravel and soil. The productivity of each dunum ranges from 255-540 kg depending on agricultural transactions and the environment that grows under Their plant conditions
The seeds of the fenugreek drink increase the yield of milk, urine and menstruation and because they contain saliva, it helps to soften skin infections and is useful in the treatment of asthma and shortness of breath. It is an aperitif and helps in digestion and is used as a topical treatment in cases of stress