Who is the chemistry scientist Jaber Bin Hayyan is the philosopher of chemistry and pioneer of chemistry and his full name Abu Abdullah Jaber bin Hayyan bin Abdullah al Azidi, a chemical philosopher and founder of Chemistry, and his scientific discoveries and experiments are still the approach of scientists to date, and thanks to the development of this science M, he was named many of the most famous titles “Shaykh chemists “.
The gossip in the place and date of his birth is said to have been born in Kufa in Iraq, others are likely to have been born in the city of Tus in Khorasan, and other opinions, but what matters is the great world whose scientific discoveries in chemistry have led to the scientific basis on which scientists are now going.
Study & Education:-
Jaber Bin Hayyan received his science through two of the first scientists Khaled ibn Yazid ibn Muawiya and is the first to speak in chemistry where he studied in his books and writings and works, and the second is Imam Jafar al-Sadiq, who has been in the hands of many scholars such as Imam Malik and Abu Hanifa as well as Jaber bin H Yan, who has lived and taken his forensic, linguistic and chemical sciences.
Jaber was advanced in the sciences of nature and adept at his chemical discoveries and depended on his approach to experiments, extrapolation and scientific conclusion, and he always relied on experiments to reach the facts, a curriculum that scientists now follow in various sciences.
Jaber Bin Hayyan accepted the study of natural sciences, the study of the scientific method adopted by the former scientists and the attempt to discover the different materials by developing theories and then conducting experiments on them to ascertain their authenticity, he was always doing theoretical research and setting the different hypotheses, and then conducting practical application By conducting experiments and was always calling on his disciples to follow suit.
Inventions and Discoveries:-
Jaber Bin Hayyan is credited with discovering and preparing many vehicles and materials through his numerous laboratory operations such as evaporation, calcination, scaling, distillation, condensation, filtration, melting, smelting, and Crystal, where he discovered caustic soda and a number of acidic solutions that Used in many things the first is the separation of gold from silver, a method that is still used to me now, and he evokes the water of gold or royal water, and discovered a number of acids including: nitric acid, hydrochloric and sulfuric as he prepared and prepare many chemicals such as silver chloride This results from mixing the salt of the food with the silver nitrate solution, explaining how to prepare arsenic, antimony, refining metal and dyeing fabrics, and increasing two new elements on the four components of the Greeks, namely sulphur and mercury, and made non-combustible paper, and many other discoveries And experiments that enriched the science of chemistry.
Jaber Bin Hayyan was a genius on the right to chemistry and he testified to him by many Western scholars, who recognized the Arabs for their progress in a number of important areas, despite their hatred and constant attempt to change the facts.
Books and Writings:-
Jaber Bin Hayyan has many important writings and books in many fields and comes on top of the science of chemistry and many other writings in medicine, astronomy, nature and philosophy, which have been translated into many languages for the benefit of the whole world, including: The Book of Stones in its four parts, And his book, The Book of Mercy in which he addressed the possibility of converting metals into gold, the Book of the Moon and mean Silver and the book of the Sun and mean gold, Book of Secrets, Book of Mercury, Book of Scales, Book of properties, book of similar and corresponding, letter in chemistry, Book of Wisdom Box, book of wills, Book of Seventy, The book of the Hundred and Twelve, the Book of 500, the Book of poisons and the payment of its disadvantages and many other books and scientific references.