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Salah al-Din al-Ayoubi

A topic and a search with information that is not known much about Salah al-Din fares in the field of history Nasser Salah al-Din al-Ayoubi, an Arab Muslim leader and the founder of the Ayyubid state, fought many battles, through which his abilities emerged as a brave knight and a wise military commander with a great deal of intelligence and statesmanship The Battle of Hittin, which occurred in 583 AH-1187, is one of the most famous battles he fought and whose name has always been associated with him and has been mentioned by history books so much, in which he managed to defeat the strongest crusader armies and made many victories.
Salah al-Din was not only a great military commander but also distinguished by high morals and unparalleled magnanimity, and he had many wonderful human attitudes, both with his army and his people, or even with the captives, where his generosity was manifested with all, in addition to his extensive knowledge and passion for reading and encouraging him to learn.









Birth and Origin:-
Kamel Yousef Bin Ayoub bin Gay bin Marwan, Abu al-Muzaffar, alias Nasser Salah al-Din al-Ayoubi, born Salah al-Din to a Kurdish family in 532 Ah, in Tikrit near Baghdad, his father was governor of Tikrit Castle by Behrooz, and his uncle Asad Eddin Shirkoh was a great leader in the army of Nur al-Din Zanky Connector.
The city of Baalbek witnessed the genesis of Salah al-Din, he grew up and received his various sciences, studied the Qur’an and heard the hadith from the Salafi preserver and Ibn Auf and the pole of religion Nisapuri, as learn hunting, martial arts and other skills and science.

His military life:-
Military life began to make its way to Salah al-Din when he went with his uncle Shirkoh by order of Nur al-Din zenky to repel the Crusades and to achieve support for the Fatimid caliph in Egypt, where the Crusades were then coming, and they made many achievements in repelling these attacks, which prompted The Fatimid caliph to the appointment of Shirkoh as his minister, and in Egypt, Salah al-Din mixed with the Egyptians and approached them and the Egyptian people also loved them for their sense of heroism, fairness and wisdom, which he then returned to replace his uncle after his death, the ministry was assigned to him, with the support of the Egyptians and also For his vast experience both at war and humanitarian level.





King of Egypt:-
When the Fatimid caliph died, Saladin proclaimed the end of the Fatimid rule and set himself up as governor of Egypt and descended to the palace of the caliphate, taking the followers and the pimp to the Egyptian people, and when Nur al-Din learned the intention of Saladin to independence in Egypt he decided to go to him with a big army to retrieve it from him but he died in a year 569. It is still one of the major obstacles to Salah al-Din’s Pursuit and death.
After the death of Nur al-Din Mahmud, Salah al-Din looked for the annexation of al-Sham to his reign, he marched to Damascus and managed to quell the revolutions in sham because of the greed of the king of Nur al-Din, and stayed for almost two years in order to restore the rule to a state of stability, including Damascus, Homs, Hama, Baalbek and others From Beit Nur al-Din Mahmoud and his dependence on the Abbasid caliphate, which was conferred by the title of Sultan, and became the ruler of Egypt, he repeated his campaign on the Levant in 578, and succeeded in annexing Aleppo and some Levantine cities, which lasted more than ten years and after the stabilization of conditions in the Levant and Palestine again returned to Egypt.

After stabilizing foreign affairs towards internal reform in Egypt, Salah al-Din worked to create a strong army that achieved many achievements, which worked to stabilize his feet in Egypt, and he sought to spread knowledge and strengthen the Sunni doctrine, and he created schools that teach Sunni jurisprudence such as the Nasiriyah School and the The Camellias school, as well as the humiliation of Shia judges and the replacement of judges from the Sunnah, and the courageous steps that he made announced on the first Friday of the month of Muharram in 567 to cut the sermon to the Fatimid caliph who was sick and made it to the Abbasid caliph, which marked the end of the Fatimid state, And the beginning of a new era, during which he was able to wipe out the sedition and conspiracies that erupted to restore Fatimid rule.
Salah al-Din’s authority expanded in the country, stretching from Nubia south and Cyrenica westward to the Armenian countries of the north, the island countries and the east of Mosul.
After the internal affairs stabilized, Salah al-Din turned to the Crusades and began trying to prepare a strong army to eliminate it.





War with the Crusaders:-
Salah al-Din sought to ascertain the strength and cohesion of his inner forehead in order to create a strong army through which to wipe out the Crusaders in a decisive battle, instead of raids from one to another to weaken the enemy, he waged a series of successful battles on the Crusaders and landed many areas in his hand like a fortress I Preah, Acre, Caesarea, Nablus, Warwill, Jaffa and Beirut in addition to the Holy House, the Battle of Hittin was one of the most successful war battles in 583, where the military struggle for Salah al-Din was crowned with great success, still remembered by history books.
Provoked by the kings of Europe and outraged by the victories of Saladin and his control of the Holy House, they decided to launch a great campaign to restore the Holy House from the hands of Saladin and the Islamic Army. Frederik Barbarossa, the King of Germany, did not result in any success for the Kings of Europe, where they returned to their country and were frustrated and the Ramleh peace was held between the two parties in 588 H-1192.

The morals of the Knights:-
Salah al-Din knew both in the Arab countries and in Europe as a warrior, a noble, dignified, self-righteous father, known as a faithful Muslim, a humble person, and had many human exploits in which the tenderness of his heart was manifested and he was not a fighter leader he was a strong gag only but he was a cultured person loves science and encourages scientists age mosques Irrigation and the building of castles and fences were repaired in Cairo and Damascus.

The death of the King:-

Salah al-Din died in 1193 in the Damascus Citadel for 57 years, he died but history still remembers him very much as one of the most important historical figures that had a profound impact in an ancient Muslim era.

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