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Sheikh al-Ghazali

Sheikh al-Ghazali in the field of Da’wah:-Sheikh Jalil enriched the field of advocacy with the power of his opinions and ideas and in a huge library replete with many writings, whose topics varied, fully named Muhammad al-Ghazali Ahmed al-Sakka a brave and eloquent preacher sought during his life to consolidate the Islamic faith and struggle in the field The Dawah, as well as his efforts in communicating his invitation to Islam in every possible way from speeches, articles, lectures, books, television and radio programs, whether submitted to them or guest.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Al-Ghazali received his education at the hands of a group of scholars and sheikhs of Al-Azhar al-Sharif, including Shaykh ‘ Abd al-Azim al-Zarwani, Sheikh Mahmud Shaltut, Sheikh Mohammed Abu Zahra, Dr. Mohamed Yusuf Musa and many other scholars of Al-Azhar.

Birth and Origin:-

During the village book, he was briefed on the hadith, then the school came to support what he learned during his childhood and he joined the elementary school at the Alexandria Religious Primary Institute and he stayed up to the secondary level and obtained the certificate of proficiency and then the certificate of high school Azhar, then came the stage He moved to Cairo in 1937 and joined the faculty of the Origins of religion and graduated in 1941, then Sheikh al-Ghazali won the world degree in 1943.

Shaykh titles:-

“Adib al-Dawah ” This is the title given by Mr. Hasan al-Banna when he read an article titled “The Muslim Brotherhood and Parties ” in a number of Brotherhood magazine, the acquaintance began between Sheikh al-Ghazali and Mr. Hasan al-Banna during the period when Sheikh al-Ghazali was studying at the university level in Cairo and was consolidated For their relationship, where al-Ghazali wrote in the magazine “The Muslim Brotherhood ” was his first articles and in the third year of university, Al-Banna worked to support him and always encourage him to continue writing for his touch of high culture and good literary style.

 

 

 

 

Start of the call:-

Sheikh al-Ghazali specialized in the field of advocacy and guidance and began his first steps in this field immediately after graduating where he invited in the mosques of Egypt.

Sheikh al-Ghazali has worked in the field of Da’wah in all sincerity and diligence, both through his articles, which he periodically publishes in the magazine “The Muslim Brotherhood ” under the title of “Living Thoughts”, through which he discussed the conditions of Muslims and the problems they are undergoing, or through the campaigns and invitations he was doing to Against social injustice and the extreme disparity between classes.

In this period, the first books of Sheikh al-Ghazali titled “Islam and Economic conditions ” in 1947, in which he spoke about the importance of social solidarity between classes, followed by another book titled “Islam and the Socialist curriculum ” Where it complements the thought of economic reform, and explains The mutual responsibilities of both the individual and the nation, and then he issued his third book, “The fabricated Islam between the communists and the capitalists.”

Sheikh al-Ghazali touched on his books and the idea of a new area that was not circulating among other advocates, namely the call for reform and interdependence and the importance of economic advancement and the achievement of equality among the people, where other advocates were limited to preaching and guidance only in the religious field.

Politics and Shaykh:-

In the field of Da’wah, Sheikh al-Ghazali received fame and acceptance among the people, and was joined and merged with the group of “the Muslim Brotherhood” until the decision of Egyptian prime Minister Mahmoud Fahmy al-Naqashi to solve it and arrest a large number of its members and confiscate all its property in 1948, and in addition to the assassination Its president and founder, Mr. Hasan al-Banna, who was shot on 12 February 1949 in front of the Muslim Youth Association, and among the persons arrested was Sheikh Mohammed al-Ghazali, who was placed in a detention camp with a large group of brothers and remained in the near year where he graduated in 1949.

Complete the calling process:-

Sheikh al-Ghazali resumed his work after he left the detainee but became more enthusiastic and more powerful in defending Islam and clarifying all the facts related to him, and he authored many books and threw many lectures, lessons and speeches, then issued a number of books and writings that sought to affirm the principles Freedom, shura, attacking oppression, tyranny, and many other books.

 

 

 

 

 

Shaykh Articles:-

Among the books of Sheikh al-Ghazali that appeared in this period is the book “From here we know ” which came in response to a book by Professor Khalid

Mohammed Khaled titled “From Here We start” This book, which sparked a stir in the hateful and misogynistic circles who stood up to the author because the idea of the book revolved around the fact that Islam is a religion not a state and has nothing to do with matters of governance and Dunya, which Sheikh al-Ghazali denied him through a group of Machines assembled in the form of a book named “From Here we know “.

Mr. Khalid Mohammed Khaled then authored another book titled “Religion and State “, a book in which he retracted what he said in his first writing, “From here we start” and he agreed with Sheikh al-Ghazali in all the facts concerning Islam.

Shaykh al-Ghazali then appeared in the book “Intolerance and tolerance between Christianity and Islam”, which he authored in response to a book written by one of the Copts where this person attacked Islam, and al-Ghazali refuted the items contained in the book and work to reply to them with proofs and conclusive evidence explaining Tolerance enjoyed by the Islamic religion in the treatment of other religions.

Sheikh’s positions:-

Imam al-Ghazali has been exposed to many positions during his journey to the Da’wah and his struggle for reform and the advancement of the nation. A number of these positions are mentioned here, including:

The attempts made after the 1952 revolution to provoke discord and confusion among the Muslim Brotherhood, which resulted in a disagreement between Sheikh al-Ghazali and Imam al-Murshid “Hasan al-Hudaybi “, which ended with the separation of al-Ghazali from the Muslim Brotherhood, a controversy referred to by Sheikh al-Ghazali in his book “landmarks The right to our modern Islamic struggle, “he explained that it was a misunderstanding resulting from the sedition factors that arose among the members of the group, that they were well-established and that the Islamic Da’wah service was agreed upon together, and expressed the esteem and respect of Mr. Hasan al-Hudaybi.

Sheikh al-Ghazali then continued to be a warrior of the enemies of Islam and continues to call for the triumph of Liberties and an advocate of Islam, and during this period he issued a number of books, including “The struggle of the Koran “, “The Battle of the Mus-haf”, “the harvest of Vanity “, and “Islam and red crawl.”

Sheikh al-Ghazali was always brave and courageous in defending the Islamic truths, and his courageous positions were also the one at the National Congress of Popular forces held in 1962, where he stood before a vast audience calling for the independence of the nation in its legislation, and other strong conversations that Sparked controversy in many opposition circles.

After that, at the beginning of President Sadat’s rule, the areas of freedom granted to scientists expanded, which led Sheikh al-Ghazali to intensify his activism in the field of advocacy, where his role emerged through his efforts in the field of advocacy and reform and made in all this much of his time and effort where he fought in the field of advocacy with his heart, tongue and pen, through Speeches, books and articles he was composing and writing.

His return to the splendour and splendour of the Amr ibn al-AAs mosque, where his squares were filled with worshippers and wishing to listen to his sermon and lessons after being neglected during previous periods, is a credit to him.

 

 

 

 

Al-Ghazali outside Egypt

Sheikh al-Ghazali was bold and courageous in expressing his views always, and continued his constant efforts to support Islam, and it was the milestone in the life of Sheikh al-Ghazali when the state announced the change of some of the provisions of the Personal Status law, and these were some laws that contravene the principles of Sharee’ah, Sheikh al-Ghazali expressed his opinion with the utmost boldness and fairness, which was not welcomed by some of the ruling groups in addition to criticizing some of the general conditions in the country.

These strong candid opinions led Sheikh al-Ghazali to tighten the noose around him and to exclude him from the mosque of Amr ibn al-AAs first and then freeze and stop all his activities, forcing him eventually to leave the country, where he worked at the university “Umm al-Qura ” in Saudi Arabia and stayed in it for seven years march They are active in advocating for God through various media outlets.   

Sheikh al-Ghazali’s move came then to the state of Algeria, where he served as Chairman of the Scientific Council of Prince Abdul Qader Islamic University in Constantinople, and in Algeria, Al-Ghazali reached the top of his achievements and efforts to serve Islam and Muslims, where he poured his efforts to develop the university and add a number of The new colleges and the development of the scientific curriculum, in addition to that he presented a weekly television program that provides an explanation of the Islamic features and all related to life.

Return to his homeland and death:-

After Sheikh Mohammad al-Ghazali spent years and years away from his country, he decided to return to Egypt, where he completed his work and efforts in writing and lecturing.

Sheikh al-Ghazali died on March 9, 1996, where he was buried in al-Baqee in Medina, after he spent a life of efforts and activities to serve the Islamic Da’wah, and after he left to the Islamic Ummah a huge balance of books that varied in various fields, and also after he gave many lectures and speeches For a value that many libraries still have and retain.

Books and Writings:-

Imam al-Ghazali published a number of works that influenced the Islamic library, including the speeches of Sheikh Mohammed al-Ghazali in the affairs of Religion and Life – which was issued in two volumes, the Islamic Da’wah in the present century, the pillars of the faith between the mind and the heart, the constitution of the cultural unity among the Muslims, the bitter right – passed in six Parts, the five axes of the Holy Qur’an, problems in the way of Islamic life, defending the faith and the sharia against the orientalists, with God-studies in Da’wah and preachers, Islam and the socialist curriculum, Islam and economic conditions, the views in the Qur’an, the fabricated Islam-between the Communists The capitalists, the Battle of the Mus-haf in the Muslim world, fanaticism and tolerance between Christianity and Islam, are landmarks of the right to our modern Islamic struggle, the rights of Islam between the teachings of Islam and the proclamation of the United Nations, and many others and many books left to us by Shaykh al-Jalil (May Allaah have mercy on him).

Al-Ghazali in their eyes

Dr. Najib Bin Khira, a professor at the Prince Abdul Qader University of Islamic sciences in Algeria, said in memory of his death:

“I am not in these words thy pity has passed the time of lament,… And not the gaith of your grave, your grave is in the goodness of his resting place. With our misfortune to lose you, and the pain of heartbreak from the bereavement of you… And I am not here to prepare your pros and talk about your late life, all of which is popular and available…. But it is a feeling that God knows it is true. I acknowledge the inability to formulate it in legible terms, or to put it in narrow stereotypes, and it is in my soul more than light, and wider than time….! “

Dr. Abdul Sabour  Shaheen – An Egyptian preacher and full professor at Dar Al Uloom College, Cairo University, said.

“Indeed, a book placed on the cover of Mr. Al-Ghazali does not need to be presented; it is in my estimation that he culminates in this clapper, and I have read the world his dozens of books in Islam and his invitation, and I have received him unless he receives from one of his contemporaries, so that our age can be called in the field of advocacy : The age of Mr. Al-Ghazali. “

Dr. Yousef Al-Qaradawi, director of the Research Center for the prophetic Sunnah at Qatar University said: “I don’t know how to tell you about our Shaykh al-Ghazali, how I can summarize a half-century march, except as if man wanted to put the sea in a flask. “

He also wrote a book about him titled “Sheikh al-Ghazali as I knew him…. Half-century journey “

And many others who have lived with him and who have been in his hands, may God have mercy on the Shaykh al-Jalil and dwell in his paradise and reward him with the best penalty. 

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